“…This He did despite knowing that all have sinned against Him (Romans 3:23). Though this is the most controversial of all the Doctrines of Grace stemming from the letter ‘L’ of the acronym’TULIP’, yet it accurately reflects what the Bible teaches about the atonement wrought by Christ.
God saw it fit to choose for Himself a people who would in turn enjoy the benefits of eternal blessedness. On such a basis He summoned His only begotten Son and send Him forth to the world to purchase salvation for those predestined to eternal life (Ephesians 1:4).
The advent of Christ into the world was inadvertent with the sole purpose of redeeming those whom the Father had placed under His care (John 17). The certainty with which He would grant salvation to the elect became so profound in such a way that it even resounded in His very own words, especially when He emphasized His unwillingness to lose any of them (John 10:28).
The atonement was substitutionary in nature.As seen in 2 Corinthians 5:21, Christ was made sin in order for the elect to attain His righteousness. This was some kind of divine exchange. If Jesus did not become sin, then in no way are the elect termed righeous.However, if He became sin as recorded in the Bible, then the elect are judicially righteous. There is no room for double jeopardy.
What of the verses which seem to alude to universal application of Christ’s atonement?
Verses such as John 1:29, Hebrews 2:9, 1 John 2:2, etc seem to point to a universal implication of atonement especially when looking at the words, ‘all’ and ‘world’. However, this seems to go against the grain after the exposition of substitutionary atonement where one(in this case Jesus) bears the punishment of another in order for the other not to undergo the same punishment. We all know that there are those who are still bound to end up in hell (Revelation 17:8). In this case, the call is universal but the atonement is effectual, only to the elect (Matthew 22:14).
It is fundamental to note that it is purely God’s love that enables the elect to attain salvation from the bondage of sin…”