By nature, all the human race dwell under the bondage of sin owing to the fall of their progenitor Adam (Romans 5:12). Since the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23), we can therefore deduce that the entire human race deserves damnation. It is just and fair for a sovereign God to exact this payment to all of us due to the fact that we have all trampled against His absolute holiness.

However, the Bible also introduces us to another facet of God’s character; and that is His abounding mercy (Lamentations 3:22,23). God is love (1 John 4:16) , and for some reason this drove Him to elect some undeserving individuals to salvation (Romans 8:28-30).

Why so?

To demonstrate His glory (Romans 9:23).

Can we establish the reasons as to why some “sinners”are elected while others are not?

The following factors may help drive the point home as they draw the diametric line distinguishing both the camps:

1.Elect having faith in Jesus.    (John 1:12) (Romans 10:11)- Since they are all elected, each elect will automatically come to a saving faith (John 6:44), unlike the reprobates who will not ( John 5:40).

2.Elect having transformed lives. (2 Corinthians 5:17) (Ephesians 2:10) (Romans 6:14) – There is a complete contrast between the lives of the elect and the lives of the reprobates (Ephesians 5:8). The elect willingly crucify the flesh together with its desires (Galatians 5:24). This however, is not evident in the lives of the reprobates (1 John 2:16). 

3.Elects focus centered on the spiritual realm.                  (Colossians 3:1,2) (2 Corinthians 5:7)- While the reprobates live for the moment aroused in the cares of this world, the elect live for the life after,cognizant of the fact that this life is temporal and the next one is eternal (2 Corinthians 4:18).

4.Elect having repentant hearts. (Luke 18:13) (Job 42:5 ,6) (Psalms 51)- The humility attested to in the lives of the elect will always lead them to repentance because of the goodness of the Lord (Romans 2:4). The reprobates however, will always be ungrateful because the message of the cross is foolishness to them (1 Corinthians 1:18).

NB: Of course there are other divine factors which are beyond us as finite beings (Isaiah 55:8,9).